Special Education Acronyms

Do you sometimes wonder what some of the Acronyms in special education mean? Do the acronyms make your head spin? This article will discuss common special education acronyms and what they mean. This will make it easier for you to actively participate in your child with disabilities education.

1. FAPE: stands for Free Appropriate Public Education. Each child has the right under IDEA to receive a free appropriate public education.

2. IDEA: stands for the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; which is the federal law that applies to special education.

3. IDEA 2004: This is the federal law that was reauthorized in 2004. If you see this in an article, it usually means that something was changed in IDEA, by the reauthorization in 2004.

4. LEA: stands for the local educational agency, which is your local school district.

5. SEA: stands for the state educational agency, which is your states board of education.

6. IEP: stands for the Individual Educational Plan, which must be developed for every child that receives special education services.

7. LRE: stands for Least Restrictive Environment. LRE means that children with disabilities need to be educated in the least restrictive environment, in which they can learn. LRE starts at the regular classroom, and becomes more restrictive.

8. NCLB: stands for the No Child Left Behind Act.

9. IEE’s: stands for an Independent Educational Evaluation. These are initiated and paid for by parents, to help determine their child’s disability or educational needs.

10. IEE’s at Public Expense: stands for an IEE where the school district pays for it. There are rules that apply to this, that you must learn before requesting an IEE at public expense. Many special education personnel try and do things that are not allowed under IDEA, so you need to educate yourself.

11. ASD: stands for Autism Spectrum Disorder, which some school districts use in their paperwork.

12. ADD: stands for Attention Deficit Disorder.

13. ADHD: stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

14. PWN: stands for Prior Written Notice. Parents must be given PWN when the school district wants to change things in the child’s IEP. (such as eligibility, change services, refuse to change services etc.).

15. ABA: stands for Applied Behavioral Analysis that is an educational treatment for Autism.

16. SID: stands for Sensory Integration Disorder. A lot of children with Autism have difficulty with sensory integration.

17. SPD: stands for Sensory Processing Disorder which is the same as above, but some people in the special education field, call it different names.

Education Grants for Single Mothers to Return to School

Juggling with education and a baby to take care can be very stressful for single mothers, especially the low-income earners. Seeking to return to school can be a pricey affair along with managing child care, tuition and living expenses. So, most moms drop the idea of pursuing education. The government recognizes your tough situation and has thus, initiated many education grants for single mothers to return to school to help attain higher degrees for a thriving job that liberates you from the clutches of huge debts and shallow living standards.

Grab this free money or the education grants for the transition phase that awards you independence for a secured and self-supportive livelihood.

Federal Educational Grants for Single Mothers

Federal Pell Grant: The U.S. government has provision for low-income single mothers desiring to go back to school. The education grant is offered through the Federal Pell Grant, America’s major student aid program that awards a maximum amount of $5,730 to financially deprived students to continue their education. The eligibility of the applicant however, depends on the income level of the individual, the cost of attendance at school, and the amount of time spent in attending school.

In 2014 the U.S Dept of Education through the Federal Pell Grant gave away $30.0 to almost 9 million students. One more good news! President Obama has increased the amount of this grant from $4050 to $5100. So, just select your desired school, college or university, fill the deferral Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) form and submit it within the deadline which is June 30 for every year.

‘Moms Return to School’ Government Grant Scholarship Program (MRSGGS): an extension of the Pell grant, this grant program offers excellent educational opportunity for home based moms wanting to study online.

Tax Benefits: single mothers attending school or college can now avail tax benefits through the American Opportunity Tax Credit program that gives off the first education amount $4000 totally free.

State Based Grants for School Going Single Mothers

Many state agencies offer educational grants to single mothers to pursue their dream for higher degrees and learning. Few state-specific grants for you are:

Department of Education

Federal law dictates that student loan debt cannot be forgiven in bankruptcy proceedings with the exception of “undue hardship” cases. However, making an undue hardship claim is difficult to do, and loan holders will usually challenge every case often resulting in zero forgiveness for borrowers. The White House has recently asked the Department of Education to rethink this strategy by not allowing lenders to aggressively pursue every undue hardship case.

The Department of Education has turned down this suggestion. The Department’s decision is contradictory to the measures that President Obama is trying to take in order to lower student loan debt. As it stands, most borrowers that claim bankruptcy will still have to repay student loan debt regardless of current financial distress.

The Debt Mounts
Seven out of every ten college graduates will leave school with more than $20,000 in student loan debt. Due to a lack of high-paying jobs, most students that are saddled with a massive amount of debt will never be able to repay loan amounts. Often, the only way out is through bankruptcy, and that means successfully declaring undue hardship. Right on the tail of every undue hardship claim are lenders willing to spend dollars to challenge these claims.

Not only is it next to impossible for someone that has declared bankruptcy to pay a hefty monthly student loan fee, it’s not a cost-effective strategy for lenders. In order to pursue every borrower that has claimed undue hardship, a large amount of time and finances must be used – finances that could be better used elsewhere.

The line in the sand that the Department of Education has drawn means that there’s no end in sight for borrowers that have legitimately claimed bankruptcy and cannot repay a student loan debt.

Deaf Ears
Regardless of the White House recommendations, the Department of Education is not budging on its stance. This means that borrowers will have to fight lenders in order to have an undue hardship claim recognized resulting in loan forgiveness. Some consumer justice groups are urging the White House to ask the Department of Education to reconsider the earlier decision.

Differences of Education in the Past

Elementary and high school today does not bear much resemblance to the elementary and high schools of fifty and sixty years ago.

We tend to think of change over time as making things worse, and to idealize the past as better and simpler. That was not always the case. However, many people perceive things this way.

Instead of taking this view, we should consider the many positive changes that have occurred over the past six decades that have led to great advances in education in the United States.

One major change that must be mentioned is desegregation. Segregation in schools, or putting black students in separate schools from white students, was made illegal by the Supreme Court ruling in the Brown V. Board of Education case in 1954. Now all students, regardless of race, have the same rights and can attend the same schools.

There have also been improvements in gender inequality. Can you imagine a high school where all of the young women were learning to cook and sew in Home Ec, and all of the boys were learning to do auto repair in auto shop? It sounds ridiculous, and yet that was the picture in many American high schools prior to the late 1960s.

Girls were also disadvantaged academically because of gender bias. They were discouraged from taking advanced math and science courses, and were told that they did not have the natural aptitude to succeed in these subjects. That is no longer the case. Now girls are encouraged in all lines of study, including science and math.

We also consider different learning styles in modern American schools. Different students learn differently. Some are visual learners, others need to hear something repeated a few times to retain the information, still others may need ‘hands on’ application of course materials. In previous decades, this was not recognized the way it is today.

Educational Sector With Improving Connectivity

Improvements in educational connectivity imply that each one of the stakeholders – students, teachers, parents, industry and government – are provided with relevant connectivity; and greater numbers are bought into the connectivity fold.

With improving digital connectivity a greater number of students can now be brought into the academic umbrella. Although, in urbanized areas the lack of connectivity may not pose a great challenge but for children in the far flung areas, connectivity or a lack thereof, is a major issue in the delivery of education. Bringing together institutions, teachers, parents, government and industry onto one platform means that the quality of education improves alongside the expansion of those covered under the educational schemes.

Improvements in connectivity means that children can participate in virtual classrooms and educational material transferred to them without the physical need for them to be present at a school or institution. For the students, especially those living in the far flung areas of the country, remote classrooms couldn’t here sooner. Such that, they have a greater access to the best lecturers, can participate in online workshops and collaborate with students from different parts of the country and world.

Currently, most of the rural children have to either depend on radio connectivity or sketchy internet options to be able to have access to quality education and research opportunities. This scenario is fast expected to undergo a massive change with the National Broadband Network. This will enable a paradigm shift in availability of connectivity & broadband access, thereby improving educational pursuits. Connectivity improvements also aid better collaborations between institutions, students and faculty. Thus is it is actively evidenced that connectivity greatly enriches and stimulates the learning environment. The need of hour would be to improve learning environments, offer better exposure for students, and give improved connectivity options to facilitate both.

Various governments across the world are looking to improve the connectivity paradigm. Education and educational pursuits is one of the key areas of focus for National Broadband Network with thousands of students from the remote corners of Australia now expected to be part of the digital landscape.

Educational institutions will be quickly required to move into this space and exploit the ever improving connectivity options. Newer teaching and learning methods will need to be evolved as a greater number of students will be virtual than present in the physical. Connectivity will provide students with a great tool to augment their learning and share their worldview. Students can greatly benefit from improved access, expanded digital libraries and virtual content.